The shared vision of creating a detailed, accessible, and community-driven map of the world continues to drive the open mapping movement. Increasingly, organizations across diverse sectors are recognizing the value of open data and its potential impact on societal development.
Several organizations have made a commitment to open up their data and actively contribute to OpenStreetMap (OSM). However, as OSM is an open-source community project, decisions and action are guided by community consensus. For any organization seeking to integrate its data into this platform, obtaining local community support is essential.
The ongoing OSMer in Residence program serves as a crucial link between these organizations and the dynamic OSM community in Africa. Based on the concept of the Wikipedian in Residence, the OSMer in Residence program is designed to embed an OSM subject matter expert in a host organization or institution to maximize the value for the host organization in terms of their ability to leverage OpenStreetMap as a database that supports improved humanitarian and development outcomes in accordance with OSM community norms.
In its pilot phase, Open Mapping - West and Northern Africa Hub(WNAH) is collaborating with Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF), a humanitarian organization that provides emergency relief to some of the most vulnerable and excluded communities around the world, with data and maps being of high importance to supporting their operations. MSF wants to develop workflows to better leverage OSM for their operations and also contribute good quality data back into the platform.
Yves Emmanuel, an OSM expert from the regional community in Africa, currently the OSMer in residence is working directly with the MSF team to support easy integration of their data into OSM and strengthen quality engagement between MSF and the OSM community in West Africa. The embedded nature of the resident is important to ensure that value can be generated through the work based on a deep understanding of MSF’s existing challenges and ways of working. Yves Emmanuel holds a master’s degree in environment and conservation sciences and has started mapping in OSM since 2019 through projects at the national level including Cameroon’s land use in OSM. He is very passionate about integrating community approaches into environmental management and engaging OSM communities.
The residence has a mandate to develop and test effective and appropriate workflows to achieve the following objectives:
Create better workflows for rapid entry of geographical data into the OSM database (through organized editing).
Contribute historical geographical data from previous geographical field data collection to the OSM database (through imports).
Since the start of the program in August, the residence has gone through a series of activities to support these objectives:
Onboarding sessions with multiple MSF staff to understand their general organization and tools used internally to facilitate day-to-day GIS and mapping activities. Onboarding sessions were held on data management, earth observation, mapping, etc.
Discussions with different OSM communities in Cameroon, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Niger, and DRC to understand the different approaches they use during OSM data import processes and organized editing. Other stakeholders including staff from HOT and the Heidelberg Institute of Geoinformatics have also been interviewed.
Exploration of the MSF GIS master database to understand the data model they use in comparison to the OSM data model. Following this activity, a tagging plan is being developed.
Research to understand the current MSF GIS data collection processes, the tools, the data sources and the limitations of their current data collection workflow.
Ongoing plans to explore tools like the Field Mapping Tasking Manager (FMTM) that can help support coordinated field mapping for field data collection activities.
The impact of this program is already evident from the MSF and the residence perspective.
Jorieke, GIS advisor & Missing Maps Coordinator who is working closely with the hub on this program has described how this collaboration is useful for them.
Yves Emmanuel has also shared how this program is strengthening his technical capacity beyond his OSM expertise.
By the end of the program in early 2024, the program aims to increase coverage of data in OSM through a collaborative import with local communities in two countries. This data will not only support MSF’s operation but fill critical data gaps for communities and local actors in the region.
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You can read the French version here.