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Disaster Management Through Geospatial Data: DMI

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The DMInnovation (DMI) program is the science and innovation component of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) Disaster Risk Management (DRM) program in Indonesia. DMI has two overarching objectives that support DFAT’s DRM program: Support Indonesia to Make Informed Disaster Management Decisions and Build and Maintain Links between People and Institutions in the Field of Disaster Management. Key implementation principles for the program are sustainability, interoperability and supporting an inclusivity agenda.

Base data serves many needs in humanitarian response. Often responding organizations are scrambling to gather data because it is not readily available. The focus of HOT’s work in Indonesia has been data preparedness and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). The original pilot of this project was declared successful and it has now moved into its third year.

In order to minimize the growing rate of exposure and rising vulnerability, governments need to first identify where and who is exposed to disaster risks. Disaster Management Innovation (DMInnovation, formerly AIFDR) has developed an open source risk modeling software, InaSAFE, that performs these calculations. InaSAFE is a free software that produces realistic natural hazard impact scenarios for better planning, preparedness and response activities. In order to use this software sufficient base data, such as critical infrastructure, is necessary. HOT focuses on teaching how to collect and map this data.

Phase IV (2015 - now)

HOT continues to build on the successes of the past four years by continuing the university roadshow in two target provinces, South Sulawesi and East Nusa Tenggara. HOT will also expand its presence by opening up OSM Hub in east Indonesia. HOT has trained over 2,500 people in how to use OpenStreetMap and QGIS/InaSAFE to develop data-driven response preparedness scenarios. We are adding expertise in mobile data collection through the development of a smart phone app for field data collection. In addition, the HOT team is providing mapping support to DKI Jakarta BPBD during flood season.

Phase III (2013 - 2015)

Through a partnership with AIFDR and BNPB, HOT has concentrated on enabling university students to collect exposure information through university roadshow. The OSM roadshow will consists of three main events: one socialisation and two trainings, each will last for one to three days, making up a total of five to seven days activities with several weeks of tasking in the middle of the two trainings.

Below is the list of universities to host this year’s OpenStreetMap’s roadshow.

  1. Universitas Indonesia
  2. Universitas Gadjah Mada
  3. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November
  4. Universitas Trunojoyo Madura
  5. Universitas Hasanuddin
  6. Universitas Nusa Cendana Kupang
  7. Universitas Nusa Nipa Maumere
  8. Institut Teknologi Medan
  9. Universitas Negeri Padang
  10. Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
  11. Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional (Yogyakarta)
  12. Universitas Islam Indonesia
  13. Universitas Riau

Phase II (July 2012- March 2013)

Through a partnership with AIFDR, GFDRR, ACCESS and BNPB, HOT has concentrated on enabling communities and governments to collect exposure information, which in turn feeds into the impact modeling software. This data collection has occurred through two methods: building a team of OpenStreetMap experts in Indonesia and teaching workshops in vulnerable areas to collect better data. Since August 2012, HOT´s developing expert team has taught various OSM tools and techniques in six disaster prone provinces (East Java, West Java, West Sumatra, South Sulawesi, NTT, West Papua). HOT is also continuing the work that was started last year with ACCESS. For these workshops, HOT has created beginning, intermediate and advanced guides, which are all translated into Bahasa Indonesian, and will be found at in the future months.

HOT is helping to build the OpenStreetMap community in Indonesia. The team has created a website,, for which people can gather resources, read about what the OSM community is up to, and contact trainers for further support.

Phase I: Pilot Year (2011)

In 2011, HOT focused on urban mapping through workshops and a mapping competition (KompetisiOSM). A few students from the five universities that competed joined the HOT training team. The focus of the competition was to map roads and individual buildings in Padung, Jakarta, Surabya, Yogjakarta, and Bandung. A student from each university that mapped the most received a scholarship to State of Map 2011 in Denver, CO, USA.

Rural areas were also mapped with ACCESS, which is an AusAID poverty reduction project to help with community strengthening and resilience. Over the course of a month, HOT had seven workshops with eight ACCESS sub-districts and other PNPM facilitators (National Government poverty reduction program).

Through this multi-faceted approach of workshops, contests and translation with our partners HOT hopes to answer the question, “Can OpenStreetMap be used to collect exposure data?” Time will tell as communities, translated documents and tools get up to speed. So far though, the answer appears to be yes.

Recent news from Disaster Management Through Geospatial Data: DMI (View all news)

Branching out Manpower to Mapping 136 Priority Areas in Indonesia through Training of Trainers (ToT)

As we wrote earlier, Indonesia’s disaster management agency is taking on a quantum leap this year, setting up on the creation of contingency planning for all the 136 priority cities/districts in Indonesia. Managing risks and safeguarding all economic and development hubs in the country is not an easy task, but a necessary one.

Biondi Sanda Sima — 27 April, 2017